Benign (non cancerous) tumors
Benign tumors are very common in our body. Moles and warts on skin, lipomas under the skin, cysts and polyps in the intestine are examples of such benign tumors. Thyroid nodules, breast fibroadenomas, uterine fibroids, liver and soft tissue hemangiomas and cysts in various organs are other common benign masses. Benign tumors are normally harmless, but a small proportion may turn into cancer in the future. Such tumors need to be treated before they become cancerous. In addition, benign tumors, if they grow, may cause complaints, or cause aesthetic problems.
Although the classical treatment of benign tumors is surgical operation, interventional radiological methods are being used more and more frequently. The advantage of these treatments is that they can be made through the needle hole on the skin without any incisions or stitches. Besides, thay are done with local anesthesia without pain, there is no hospitalization and the patient is able to return to normal life immediately. The risk of treatment is much lower than surgery. Benign tumors that are the most commonly treated with interventional radiological methods (minimally invasive treatments) include uterine fibroids, thyroid nodules, breast fibroadenomas, hemangiomas and cysts in various organs.
Interventional oncology in cancer management
Prof Saim Yilmaz, MD